Hello viewers, today in this blog we will focus upon a Film Technique called Matte Painting.
Matte Painting is a VFX technique in which the distant locations or sets are drawn by the painters for filmmakers to create an illusion of environment that is not present at the actual filming set.
These days Matte Paintings are digitally generated with live action combined digitally but old school matte paintings used double expose of the film to make the illusion of the live action happening in the painted scene.
Matte painting has originated from still photography; from the mid 19th century film industry started using double-exposure techniques to combine two images into one photograph.
This technique gave freedom to the production units as not to leave the studio grounds and still creating films that amazed the audience.
Nearly all modern films use digital matte paintings nowadays.
Matte Paintings In old And Recent Movies.
One of the greatest matte painters Mark Sullivan painting this full screen shot of Sigourney Weaver’s apartment and cityscape around it from the movie Ghostbusters 2.
During early days Matte Paintings were made by artists on large sheets of glass using paints or pastels which then integrated with the live-action footage.
Through various techniques Matte Painters and Film Technicians used to combine a matte-painted image with live-action footage.
The painting part is static in the shot and movements are added into it through live action shot.
Filmmaker Norman Dawn made this Matte Painting technique popular in the film industry; Norman used to put black tape on a sheet of glass positioned between the camera and the scene he was shooting.
Then Norman would rewind the film and shoot a matte painting with new pictures which he wanted to include in a scene.
Traditional matte-painting shot from the movie includes Emerald City scene from the film The Wizard of Oz (1939).
Another one is from the movie Citizen Kane (1941) Charles Foster Kane’s Xanadu.
These films used actual paintings on sheets of glass to create the illusion.
Even the most influential filmmaker Alfred Hitchcock used glass pane matte paintings throughout the 40s and 60s in hid films like North by Northwest and The Birds.
Mary Poppins (1964) received Academy Award for Best Visual Effects and used matte painting extensively.
The entire background of many shots was a full frame of art and the live actors were fitted into it.
Artist Peter Ellenshaw was the main man behind creating the matte painting shots of this film.
Christopher Evans painted many of Star War images like Darth Vader’s Imperial March.
ILM also created matte painting for the Raiders of the lost Ark which took almost three months to paint all the craters and boxes.
Advancements in computer graphics allowed matte painters to work on digital platform form the mid 1980s.
Christopher Evans created the first digital matte shot for the film Young Sherlock Holmes in 1985.
It showed CG animation of a knight leaping from a stained-glass window; Evans painted the window in acrylics and then scanned the painting into Lucas Films Pixar system for further digital corrections.
Traditional matte painting along with digital compositing was used throughout 1990s.
The last scene of an airport runway in the movie Die Hard 2 (1990) used digitally composited live-action footage with a traditional glass matte painting which was photographed and scanned into a computer.
The last hand painted matte painting was used in James Cameron’s 1997 film Titanic.
The above Titanic shot was crafted by Christopher Evans and the last example of oil matte paintings.
Matte Painting was a standard film technique throughout 20th century which appeared in major films before digital VFX came and became the new standard.
Matte Painters work under the supervision of a film’s art director.
Matte Painters are the talented and creative people behind the photo-realistic landscapes and interior or exterior environments which are impossible to get on a real film set or location.
Matte Painters are provided with a description or desired mood of the scene.
Then they create a representation of the scenery either by hand or in computer software like Photoshop or illustrator.
Finally the art director or film director approves the desired scene created by the matte painter.
Matte Painters rely on the basic brushes, getting hold of the brush tool and using it accurately is art.
Motion Picture production has now moved to blue and green screens but the traditional matte painting techniques are still applied to modern filmmaking.
Matte paintings are no longer two dimensional images, 3dimensional sets and backgrounds are created digitally.
Pastel drawings or actual paintings can be used as concept references or scanned into computer as a base for visual setting to be digitally altered or layered with other images to create the final setting.
This technique has provided a great opportunity to the film makers as they can add their imagination into the live-action.
Matte Paintings are even turned into actual canvas backdrops in the film like Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban; six 100 foot canvases were stitched together and placed behind the set.
Matte Painting has gone through many changes in the last century but it is still surviving as a film technique and there is a plenty of demand for talented matte painters with a vision and sense of imagination.
If you have traditional drawing and painting skills with 3D knowledge then you will be in demand in film industry as Matte Painters.
So, viewers be a part of our MAAC Centres Kolkata and explore the world of art.